Born in Cedarville, Illinois as the youngest of eight children, Jane Addams grew to become one of the foremost leaders of the Progressive Era.
In 1889, Addams founded Hull House in Chicago, Illinois, to help the families of immigrants. Hull house provided kindergarten and daycare, libraries, classes as well as employment assistance to women and immigrants in the surrounding community. Through her life, Addams actively supported woman suffrage, the founding of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and was co-founder of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU).
She was the ﬁrst woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace prize in 1931 and is considered to be the mother of modern Social Work.