School-based surveillance is key to success in programming and monitoring the Responsible Sexual Behavior initiative. The program has been evaluated each year since its beginning in 2006 and continually shows positive results.
Two surveys that allow RSBD to monitor programs are the CDC-sponsored Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) and School Health Profiles of individual CMSD schools. RSBD partners with the Prevention Research Center for Healthy Neighborhoods to administer these surveys.
The YRBS, which collects health related data in conjunction with local education/health agencies, allows RSBD to:
- Assess trends in priority health risk behaviors among middle and high school aged youth
- Understand the sexual health risks and behaviors of area youth
- Evaluate the impact of school and community interventions at the local level
- Develop relevant programs to reduce risky sexual behaviors and promote health
- Monitor whether student sexual health behaviors are improving or deteriorating during the period programs are in place.
By obtaining information on current school health policies and practices through the School Health Profiles, RSBD uses the data to:
- Build capacity to assess, plan and evaluate health and wellness initiatives at the school and district level
- Identify gaps in health and wellness programming
- Design and administer health programs to meet the needs of students
- Plan teacher professional development based on needs
- Identify health topics and skills
- Identify parent and community involvement
- Improve school health policies.
Goals of the CDC/DASH grant that can be measured using school-based surveillance include: lowering sexual risk behaviors, increasing use of condoms and highly effective contraception methods among sexually active adolescents, increasing adolescents’ access to sexual health services, increasing the number of adolescents tested for HIV, decreasing the number of adolescents who become sexually active and decreasing the number of adolescents who have four or more partners.
YRBS data indicates that these goals are being met, with Cleveland high school students reporting delayed sexual activity less sexual activity and fewer number of partners year after year.
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Other measurable accomplishments of the RSBD include:
- Increase in the number of sexual health referrals made by nurses and other staff to youth-friendly health care providers, resulting from the publication of a Health Services tool kit for CMSD teachers and staff and a youth-friendly Healthcare Referral Guide for students, families and staff.
- Safe Zone and/or LGBTQ Competency training delivered to over 500 CMSD staff, including school psychologists, counselors and Planning Center instructional aides.
- Developed sexual health scope and sequence standards.
- Provided information and guidance to parents on talking to their children about sexuality, relationships and abstinence. Held workshops for parents on: Talking to Your Child about Sex, Keeping Your Child Safe On-line and Parental Monitoring.
(click on image to download a pdf of the infographic)
View or Download Evaluation/Results Summaries
The following information briefs were published by Prevention Research Center for Healthy Neighborhoods at Case Western Reserve University.